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- 广州文化公园景区导游词 -
      广州文化公园座落在珠江河畔,占地8.2公顷,设有大型露天广场、中心台展览馆棋艺馆、游乐场和多个园林绿化景区,是集展览演出活动、园林文化休闲于一体的专类公园。步入文化公园,相信大家都会有一种豁然开朗的感觉,这里就象繁嚣闹市中的一片“绿洲”。
      在进园之前,我先简单给大家介绍一下公园的历史。文化公园成立于1956年,其前身是1951年的“华南土特产展览交流大会”和1952年的“岭南文物宫”,1956年易名为“广州文化公园”。这三次易名均出自叶剑英元帅之手,因而给广州文化公园建园历史增添了不少传奇色彩。
      广州文化公园是我国最早以文化命名的公园,首创公园活动多元化的新格局。五十多年来,园内丰富多彩的展览和演出活动连绵不断;公园还率先举办了一年一度的迎春花会中秋灯会羊城菊会,并且作为公园三大传统文化活动一直坚持至今;此外,多种多样的文娱活动如游乐场、说书棋艺灯谜、歌会等深受广大游客欢迎。
      游览路线:正门→展览中心→中轴通道→中心台→万兆泉雕塑园→画苑→艺庐→水产馆→西关苑→西关苑中庭→棋艺馆→杨官璘雕像→游乐场→文荟馆。
      我们来到了文化公园的正门。正门是文化公园的标志之一,其宏伟庄重的建筑风格由1951年的“华南土特产展览交流大会”一直沿用至今,上面“广州文化公园”是叶剑英元帅的亲笔题词。
      请大家随我进园参观,进了大门的左边是展览中心。展览中心有展示厅2层,展览面积近4000平方米,是一个综合性、多功能的展览展示中心。馆内配套实施齐全,适合举办各种类型的文化艺术展览会、博览会、交易会、展销会等,以及大型的康体文娱活动。文化公园已有五十多年的办展历史,最擅长举办文化艺术类展览。目前园内有5个轮展馆,分别是展览中心、文荟馆、西关苑、艺庐、画苑,其中展览中心是最大的一个;2个常设馆,分别是水产馆和万兆泉雕塑园。
      出了展览中心,是一条宽敞的通道,它就是文化公园的中轴通道。公园三大重头戏――一年一度的迎春花会、中秋灯会和羊城菊会,都会以这条中轴通道为重点布置精华景组。讲起文化公园的三大重头戏,都是很有历史的传统文化盛事。下面就为大家简要的介绍一下这三大传统文化活动:
      “迎春花会”始于1957年农历新春。它通过精心策划主题,创新设计景组,配以文化演出活动,将文化公园打扮成一个繁花似锦、欢乐祥和的花之海洋。其中“元宵灯会”作为“迎春花会”的压轴戏,更将春节的喜庆气氛推向高潮。
      “中秋灯会”始于1956年,在每年中秋期间举办,深受市民喜爱,曾以“千盏花灯、百万观众”传为美谈。文化公园的彩灯色彩鲜艳、工艺精巧,融汇四川、佛山制灯工艺技术,形、色、光、声、动俱全。现在,中秋佳节到文化公园观灯赏月,已经成为广州市民的赏心乐事。
      “羊城菊会”始于1953年,每年11月中旬举办,它是广州地区唯一坚持举办的大型菊花展览。羊城菊会以弘扬岭南悠久而深厚的菊花文化传统、传承菊花栽培技艺为宗旨,多年来深受广州市民的喜爱。
      现在,这三大传统文化盛事已成为文化公园重点打造的文化品牌活动,通过不断继承和创新,为它们注入新的时代内涵,使它们与时俱进,不断提升品牌影响力。
      穿过中轴通道,正对大门的是闻名遐迩的中心台。中心台始建于1951年,是当时华南土特产展览交流大会的文体场所之一。中心台经常配合中心任务或传统节日举行各种各样的演出,老少咸宜,雅俗共赏。著名京剧艺术家梅兰芳、马连良、张君秋,粤剧艺术家红线女、罗品超、罗家宝,曲艺家候宝林、马季,歌唱家朱逢博、胡松华都曾在此登台亮相。平时,中心台举办各种类型群众演出活动,包括曲艺、折子戏、歌舞表演、广场舞会等,是当之无愧的广州市民群众活动中心。在2008年1月,粤剧文化广场落户中心台,每月演出7-10场的专业粤剧。这样,市民就可以用很低的票价欣赏到平时在大戏院才能欣赏到的专业演出。茶余饭后到中心台品大戏,成了广大粤剧爱好者的一件乐事。
      面向东门方向,紧挨着中心台的是万兆泉雕塑园。“万兆泉雕塑园”由广州文化公园和广东著名雕塑家万兆泉于2007年初合作开设,在这里展出了万兆泉先生从艺40余年来的作品近百件。包括“西关风情系列”的精品之作,散发着浓郁、质朴的珠三角民间乡土气息,再现了老广州的民俗风情。还有“万兆泉泥塑小稿展”,里面展示了雕塑家在艺术创作前的部分泥塑小稿。有幸的话,大家还能看到雕塑家现场制作泥塑,见识艺术家是如何运用冼练、活泼的手法,塑造出各种神态各异的人物。
      万兆泉雕塑园旁边的是画苑,由原九馆一、二室改造而成。画苑的前身是“广州画廊”,是上个世纪70年代开办的书画家园地,举办过各类型的艺术展览。值得一提的是,广州市民家喻户晓的系列连环画《乐叔和虾仔》的人物造型,也是在文化公园广州画廊召开了几次研讨会后才诞生的。为了继承和延续“广州画廊”的优良传统,文化公园专门与广州美术家协会合作于2008年7月成立了画苑,旨在为广州市的老艺术家提供更多的艺术交流机会和展示平台,也为广大群众提供了欣赏高质量美术作品的大众化场所,丰富群众的精神生活。
      画苑东面,那间布置得小巧、精致而清幽的展馆是艺庐。艺庐分为会客室及展览室:会客室的摆设典雅,里面安置着古玩,墙上悬挂着字画,焚香奏乐,颇有古风;展览室设计实用,以展出名家的书画作品为主。艺庐以弘扬岭南文化,打造广州大众文化传播基地为宗旨。艺庐的现任“庐主”是广州市著名书法家、广州市书法家协会副主席黄金生先生。在黄老师的努力下,艺庐通过举办书画名家作品展览、书法名家应众挥毫等活动,吸引广大书画艺术领域的知名人士定期聚会交流,营造了文化公园良好的文化氛围。
      正对艺庐,有一幢外型颇具时代感的建筑,它就是水产馆。水产馆是一个常设馆,始建于1951年,由著名岭南建筑师夏昌世先生设计,是上世纪50年代代表性的岭南建筑。它是新中国成立以后所建的全国第一家水产馆,拥有较久远的历史,老一辈无产阶级革命家毛泽东、朱德、叶剑英、陈毅等同志曾亲临视察。值得一提的是,毛泽东曾两次到水产馆参观视察,并对里面的珍贵标本深感兴趣。
      水产馆内展品丰富、图文并茂,展出多种活鱼样品和各种珍贵海、淡水动植物标本,是介绍广东海洋资源概貌、渔业生产状况的重要窗口。其特色展品包括:全国最大、历史最悠久的鲸鱼骨骼标本,水产馆的“镇馆之宝”――“灰鲸骨骼”标本,50多岁“高龄”的国家一级保护动物野生扬子鳄,以及难得一见的鲸胎、形状奇特的“魔鬼鱼”、“翻车鱼”等多种珍贵的干标标本。水产馆通过采用触摸屏、电动展柜、录像等现代化展览设备,全面反映广东海洋渔业现状和发展趋势,是广东海洋渔业的展示橱窗及科普教育基地。
      出了水产馆,我们一眼就看到对面的西关苑。西关苑由两个展室组成,展览面积400平方米。布局合理,环境幽雅,适合举办书法、绘画、摄影等各类文化艺术方面的展览。西关苑的川堂是采用代表着西关文化的趟栊造型,凸显了文化公园的地域特色。
      西关苑内庭景点是七馆各展室包围的一个圆形庭园,占地面积550平方米,主要采取自然式的造景手法,因地制宜地堆山置石,配以水幕瀑布、小桥流水和灵动的小锦鲤,融入公园特有的文化元素,在有限的空间里创造出生动而富有层次的岭南特色景观。值得一提的是,西关苑的天台是一个天台花园,建筑边缘通过悬垂的使君子、绿萝、簕杜鹃等植物达到垂直绿化的效果,增加绿视率,是广州天台绿化的一个典范。
      西关苑的西南角有一间布置简洁、功能齐全的活动室,它就是棋艺馆。棋艺馆始建于1952年,随岭南文物宫(广州文化公园前身)一并成立。棋艺馆有着浓郁的象棋氛围,是培养和造就一流象棋人才的沃土,包括著名的中国象棋特级大师杨官璘和陈松顺,以及“岭南双雄”吕钦和许银川。棋艺馆以棋艺交流为主,同时也承办象棋界的重大赛事。50多年来,棋艺馆承办了代表全国最高水平的“五羊杯”全国象棋冠军赛、“迎春杯”象棋团体公开赛、省港象棋对抗赛、“小五羊杯”青少年象棋大赛等高水平赛事,为推动象棋在广州的发展起到了积极作用。此外,棋艺馆还举办曲艺表演、折子戏、灯谜、讲古、文化艺术讲座、粤剧私伙局等多种形式的文化活动,深受广大群众的欢迎。
      在棋艺馆的众多传统文化活动中,讲古是最受欢迎的节目之一。文化公园讲古坛曾经是广州市最大、历史最悠久讲古坛,也是讲古艺人最喜欢讲古的地方。2005年11月,文化公园在取消讲古近十年后重新恢复讲古坛。现在,讲古已经成为文化公园的一项固定节目,由羊城著名讲古艺人颜志图先生于每周周六下午3点开讲。每逢颜老师讲古的时候,棋艺馆就坐满进来捧场的听众,由此可见讲古这门具有浓郁岭南风味艺术的魅力。
      棋艺馆的西侧,屹立着一尊慈眉善目、凝神深思的智者塑像,这就是杨官璘塑像。杨官璘与文化公园渊源颇深:1956年至1959年间,杨官璘在文化公园工作,其间他第一次拿到全国象棋赛冠军,在文化公园主编《象棋》月刊。为颂扬他为中国象棋所做的贡献及纪念他与文化公园的深厚情谊,文化公园特地邀请著名雕塑家万兆泉为他制作塑像。塑像逼真地刻画了杨官璘在下象棋凝神思考时平和、安宁的神态,展示了他的睿智和深邃。
      在棋艺馆旁边,你会见到广州第一个游乐场――文化公园游乐场。它有着悠久的历史:1952年在岭南文物宫时代就有旋转飞机,风车,木马、射击等游乐项目;1985年,文化公园从香港引进的第一批游乐项目,建立了广州第一个游乐场,里面有各种自控飞机、摩天轮、小火车、空中列车等游乐设施30多项。文化公园摩天轮是广州历史最早的摩天轮游乐设施,作为文化公园的标志性游玩项目,人们都以乘坐这个摩天轮作为到此一游的最高境界。现在,由于地铁施工,游乐场的面积有所减少,但依然保留超级投篮机、旋转木马等多项游乐设施。每到节假日,每个游乐项目前排了长长的人龙,为的就是去享受这些机动游戏带给他们的乐趣。
      出了游乐场,往北走,你会见到一座富有现代感的展馆,这就是文荟馆。文荟馆位于文化公园西北面,展览面积500平方米。馆内布置典雅,光线充足,设有玻璃展柜,适合于举办各类高档的书画、摄影、藏品等文化艺术展览。展馆外门口装有电子屏,滚动显示展览的名称、展期等各种信息,凸显时代气息。
      文化公园,是一个集宣传展览、文娱体育、园林绿化、游乐活动于一体的专类公园,是一个底蕴深厚、深具岭南文化传统和良好生态环境的文化胜地!



Introduction of Guangzhou Culture Park

    Guangzhou Culture Park is located at the bank of the Pearl River, with an area of 8.3 hectares which including large outdoor square, central stage, exhibition hall, chess house and artistic room, beautiful green scenic belts and a lot of amusment facility are also found in the park. The park is regarded as a quiet oasis which stands in busy streets.
    Before entering the park, let me introduce the history of the park firstly. It was built in 1953, which has the former name as Commutative Exhibition of South China local special in 1951 and Lingnan Cultural Relics Palace in 1952. It was renamed Guangzhou Culture Park at the third time. The three alteration of each name all written by Ye Jianying ,witch increase many legendary colors for Guangzhou Cultural Park’s constructed history.
    Guangzhou Culture Park is the formost park named with” cultural”, it firstly reshaped the diversity of parkish activities. It is fifty years for the park to hold all kinds of exhibition, including politics, culture, education, science and commerce. The central stage performance lasted for day and night time, which is widely accepted by both refined and popular tastes. The park firstly holds the artistic activity such as Springtime Flower Exhibition, Mid-autumn Lantern Fair and Guangzhou Chrysanthemum Exhibition every year. And the activities lasted for 50 years as a tradition. It is also welcomed by tourists that holding cultural activity such as carnie, story-telling, board games, lantern puzzles and chorus etc. in the park.
    Tours the route:
    The main Gate→Exhibition center→Middle Axle Channel→Central Stage→Wan Zhaoquan’s Sculpture Showroom→Gallery→Artistic Room→Aquatic Product Hall→Xi Guan Culture Hall→The Inner Garden of  Xi Guan Culture Hall→Chess House→Yang Guanlin Statue→Carnie→Culture assembled
    We stand at the main Gate of Guangzhou Culture Park. The main Gate is one of the symbols of  the Park, its Grand grave Architectural style comes from the Commutative Exhibition of South China local special in 1951,and its brand was written by Marshal Ye Jianying.
    Please follow me visit the park please. The building on the left hand is Exhibition Center, which is a comprehensive and multi-purpose Exhibition hall with 2 floors and nearly 4000 square meters. The matching facilities of the hall were perfect, fit for conducting every kind exhibition exposition trade fair, robust recreation activity and so on. Guangzhou Culture Park’s exhibition history is more than 50 years, and it is excelling at conducting the exhibitions of culture and art. Now the Park had five exhibition halls, Exhibition center, the 4th Exhibition Hall, the 7th Exhibition Hall, Artistic Room, Gallery. Exhibition Center is the biggest one. The Park had two standing halls, they are Aquatic Product Hall and Wan Zhaoquan’s Sculpture Showroom.
    Left the Exhibition center, you can see a spacious channel, which is the Middle axle channel of Guangzhou Culture Park The park’s three most important artistic exhibitions: Springtime Flower Exhibition, Mid-autumn Lantern Fair and Guangzhou Chrysanthemum Exhibition, will arrangement the best Sceneries around the Middle axle channel. When we say about the park’s three most important artistic activities, all of them had historicity. Now let me introduce them to you.
    Springtime Flower Exhibition began at the spring festival of 1957. The exhibition’s subject is planned carefully, scenery is designed colorfully and the cultural performance activities are arranged. The Lantern Festival Lantern Fair is most important part of the Springtime Flowers.
   Mid-Autumn Lantern Fair began at 1956. It was conducted among the Mid-Autumn and was loved deeply by residents. It was becoming conversation topic as thousand decorative lanterns, million audiences. The lanterns of the Guangzhou Culture Park were colourful, the craft was exquisite, blending together the lantern processing technology of Sichuan, Foshan. So the shape, color, light , sound , moves of the lantern are complete. Now, for several decades, citizens enjoy themselves in looking on the lanterns under the moonlight in Guangzhou Culture park at mid-autumn night.
    Guangzhou Chrysanthemum Exhibition began in 1953, which was hold In November year by year. it was the only chrysanthemum flowers exhibition Insisting to conduct for several decades. Guangzhou Chrysanthemum Exhibition bringing honor to Glorious and deeply cultural tradition of Lingnan area, and widely inheritance the Chrysanthemum Flowers’ Cultivation technique. It is popular in the Guangzhou residents.
    Nowadays, the three most important artistic activities had been the key making cultural brand of Guangzhou Culture Park. Through inherits unceasingly and innovates, inserts the new time connotation for them, causes them to keep pace with the times, promotes the brand influence constantly.
    Walk through the middle axle channel, in front of the door is the Central Stage, be known far and widely. Central Stage built in 1951, was one of South China local special exchanged exhibition’s literary style places at that time. The Central Stage coordinates the central task or the traditional festival frequently hosts various performance party, appealing, appeals to both cultured and popular tastes. Renowned Peking opera artist Mei Lanfang, Ma Lianliang, Zhang Junqiu, Guangdong opera artist Hong Xiannv, Luo Pinchao, the Luo family treasure, the acrobatics waited the valuable forest, the horse season, singer Zhu Fengbo, Hu Songhua once mounted the stage in this presents. Usually, the Central Stage conducts each type populace to perform the activity, including the acrobatics, the Zhezi play, the dance performance, the square dance party and so on, is Guangzhou resident populace activity center which deserves. In January, 2008, the Guangdong opera culture square settles down in the Central Stage, every month performs 7-10 specialized Guangdong opera. Thus, the resident may use the very low ticket price to appreciate to usually the specialized performance which can appreciate in the theater. Looks at the major drama the spare time to the Central Stage, has become a general Guangdong opera amateur’s joyous event.
    In the face of the east gate, the building which suffering the Central Stage tightly is Wan Zhaoquan’s sculpture showroom. Wan Zhaoquan’s sculpture showroom was cooperate the start by Guangzhou Culture Park and the Guangdong famous sculptor Wan Zhaoquan at the beginning of 2007. Including Xiguan character and style series work high-quality goods, is sending out richly, the plain Zhujiang Delta folk local breath, has reappeared the old Guangzhou’s folk culture. Also has Wan Zhaoquan small manuscript exhibition, inside had demonstrated sculptor’s small manuscript before artistic creation part. The words fortunately, everybody can also see the sculptor on site clay sculpture, how does experience the artist is using the lively technique, portrays character with many kinds of manner varies.
    By the side of the Sculpture Garden is Gallery, which is made up on the basic of the former 9th exhibition hall’s No.1 and No.2 room. The former building types of Gallery is Guangzhou painting house, where all kinds of art exhibitions held in the 1970s. Specially speaking, the well known characters in Guangzhou serial pictures LeShu & Xia Zai were born at the Guangzhou painting house after several discussions. Guangzhou Cultural park, with Guangzhou Community of calligraphers and painters, established Gallery in the July 2008, to inherit and continue the best traditions of  Guangzhou painting house. The gallery provide more chances for artistic communication, and set up a stage where people can enjoy high quality work of art, and enrich their sprits.
    On the east of the Gallery is Artistic Room. It was divided into two parts: one is reception room for curios on show and the calligraphy drawing hung over the wall, the other one is Exhibition room where exhibites the famous drawings. The artistic room aims at carrying forward and cultivating LingNan culture and masscult spirit.  Mr Huang Jinsheng, who is famous for calligrapher and vice-chairperson of Guangzhou Community of calligraphers and painters, is the master of the artistic room. By holding the calligraphy and drawing exhibition and discussion forum, The artistic room. was put into fullplay of building favorable cultural atmosphere.
    Aquatic Product Hall established in 1951,faces to the artistic room, has the modern shape. It was designed by the famous Lingnan architect Xia Changshi, belonging to the most representative constructions in the 1950s. It was the first aquatic product hall over China and has already had a long history. Proletarian revolutionaries such as Mao Zedong, ZhuDe, Ye Jianying, Chen Yi inspected the hall, and interested in the precious aquatic specimen.
   Aquatic product hall is rich in items on display, and the items instructions were supplemented by the drawings. All kinds of fish specimen and rare seawater organism specimen were on the shown in the hall. The hall is hoped to show the general situation of marine resources and to be a window to introduce the fishery production. It has been specially displayed that the whale bone, which is a priceless treasure of the ball, is the biggest and longest whale bone in China. The Yangtze alligator has 50 years old and the whale fetus, peculiar-looking devil fish, sunfish, etc.  The modern facilities including touch screen, cabinet and video tape has already been put into use to reflect the current situation of GuangDong province marine fishery。
    We come to Xi Guan Culture hall when walk out of Aquatic product hall. It consists two rooms. And it has an area of 400 square meters, proper redistributed, excellent surroundings, favorable for holding all kinds of calligraphy, drawing and photographical exhibitions. The construction of the anteroom of Xi Guan Culture hall represents the XiGuan culture, reflecting the region characteristic. 
    The inner garden of Xi Guan Culture hall is a circular garden surrounded by exhibitions halls, which has an area of 550 square meters, mainly adopt the natural gardening method, plant the little stones to suit their local circumstances, with the waterfall, bridge and carps, combined the park’s own cultural elements, and creat a special LingNan cultural scene. Specially speaking, the roof of Xi Guan Culture exhibition hall is a roof garden, where the quisqualis, scindapsus and azaleas were planted to increase the area of vertical verdurization. It become a typically example of Guangzhou‘s roof verdurization.
    Chess House located at the southwest of the 7th exhibition hall was arranged concisely and multifunctional. Chess House was built in 1952, following the setup of LingNan Cultural Relic Palace(the former of Guangzhou Culture park). Chess House who has dense chess atmosphere have brought up top-grade chess player, including Chen Guanlin who was an chinese chess expert player and Chen Songshun, LuQin,Xu Yinchuan. Now Chess House has been a place where hold the significant chess match and chess communication. For 50 years, it held several competitions including the nationwide chess match WuYangBei, YingChunBei chess match, Guangdong province vs Hongkong chess match and XiaoWuYangBei adolescent chess match etc. It played positive effction on Guangzhou chess. And besides, folk art forms, selected scenes, riddles, story-telling, cultural lectures and Cantonese opera which people popular with, often be played in Chess House.
    Archaic Story-telling is mostly welcomed by people among the traditional cultural activites held in Chess House. Archaic Story-telling Stage was the biggest public palce in Guangzhou at that time, where gathered story telling players. 
    Guangzhou Culture park reopened the Archaic Story-telling Stage in 2005 November after the stage’s 10 years close down . Today the Archaic Story-telling performance become a regular program of the park. And the famous story-telling performing artist Yan Zhitu players a wonderful show at every Saturday pm. 3:00. When Yan performing, crowds of audience gather in chess house from all sides.
      West of Chess House laid the statue of Yang Guanlin, the best player in the Chinese chess history. It was destined that both Yang and the park is attached to each other. From 1956 to 1959, Yang worked in the park and in those days, he gained his first championship of nationwide chess competition and edited chess monthly. Guangzhou culture park especially invited the famous sculpturer Wan Zhaoquan to make statue of Yang Guanlin to commemorate the contribution of yang and rememberable emotions. The portraits statue vividly appear the concentrated and peace when Yang played his lovely chess game, where we can find his wise and profound character.
      Nearby the Chess House is Pleasure Ground which has a long history. The shuttle plane, windmill, wooden horse and shooting games had already been drawn into the park in 1952.
      The first 30 amusement equipment including ferris wheel, trainset, aerial train were introduced from Hong kong in 1985. Among these equipments, ferris wheel in Guangzhou culture park is the first one in Guangzhou.  Nowadays, as a result of the construction of metro, the area of Pleasure Ground decreased gradually, but also rererve the bumper cars, cartoon shuttle plane and super basketball. whenever holiday, people come to the Pleasure Ground and enjoy themselves happily.
      The  Culture assembled hall is situated at the North of Pleasure Ground, which has an area of 500 square meters. The elegance arranged hall has plenteous light , set glass cabinet and fit for show all kinds of top quality pictures,photographs and museum pieces. The modern Electron screen is used at the hall’s entrance to show the exhibition’s name and exact time.
      With the thick atmosphere of ecological culture and beautiful environment, Guangzhou Culture Park has been regarded as a theme park which gathers many wonderful kinds of exhibition, performance and entertainment activities.

本文被关注3669次最后更新:2008-8-28 13:30:08